SALUTING A LEADER :Know what leadership is practically all about

SALUTING A LEADER.

-Know what leadership is practically all about:

-Hon. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is a Leadership Institute all by himself.

Practically what is Leadership and what are the examples of Leadership and what are the obvious fall out’s of not having a Leader around?

Here are 25 most practical signs and tenets of leadership. Check how many people around you really have even half of them, though most of these seem so simple. Yet to have these qualities requires a very evolved mindset, training from childhood and tremendous courage.

1. Leadership is UnAcademic: One may be a great academic or a scholar and he could be still a great leader. However in most cases the Leader need not be a subject matter expert.

2.Leadership is Letting Go: A Leader let’s others lead. If he does not, he is only a politician. Politics is opposite of statesmanship.

3. Leader creates teams: Companies, families and business ventures succeed with Leaders running them and not necessarily technologists or subject matter experts. Leaders create teams to ensure success. Teams deliver with multiples abilities and individual skill sets. A Leader just in most cases, plays the role of a coordinator, but that could be a very important role.

4. Leader encourages transparency.

5. Leader gets the best possible people to work together.

6. Leader develops bonding between team members . Never does he play politics with his team or within organisations / families / association.

7. Leader says WE, not I.

8. Leader appreciates.

9. Leader motivates.

10. Leader looks at long term success and not immediate gains.

11. Actually a leader does not work 24 X 7, but gets the best people around him to work. If you see a company director or a top manager micro-managing, and not delegating, assume the company is not going to do well. A leader develops other people,not just himself. He is never worried about his position or comments on him as he is very confident about himself. A leader rarely schemes to trouble or destroy others.

12. Leadership and Power Centres are complete antithesis. Companies fail because they allow power centres to be created within.

13. Leaders are those who can handle better people than themselves. Leaders are those who can knit teams of experts and learners alike. Leaders ensure training and transfer of knowledge.

14. Leaders share information and resources so that everyone benefits.

15. Leaders create a strong next generation, a younger future management and gets experts involved to create a next generation.

16. A Leader does not hog the limelight.

17. A Leader, if a male, gives serious involvement and respect to females. Vice Versa is very natural. The initial one, not so.

18. A Leader should be capable of calling spade a spade and changing him, and if not possible, terminating/ eliminating /easing out nicely the wrong guy after giving adequate chance.

19. A Leader does not go after a title, but gets people together giving them due respect but not necessarily a title.

20. Anyone who has only monetary perspectives in mind never becomes a Leader.

21.It is to be realised that there are really very few leaders around. It’s amazing that many grown up and learned people do not have leadership skills. So be careful if dealing with them, hiring them, and letting them lead your ventures.

22.Joint families and relationships get destroyed because some one did not exhibit leadership abilities. Disputes crop up for lack of leadership around.

23.Popularity and smart Public Relations are widely mistaken as leadership abilities.

24.Delivery of complex tasks, overcoming big problems, handling a wide range of skilled professionals, ensuring over the years the growth of a struggling nation, a struggling organisation, a struggling person and fighting detractors sportingly is what leadership is all about. What contribution you could make to others is a measure of leadership.

25.Leadership is not sophistication, speaking good English in a western accent, or looking smart and stylish, holding academic qualifications from overrated Universities and elite academic institutions.

Ladies and gentlemen, please join hands to compliment our Honourable PM, Mr Narendra Modi for the wonderful leadership that he is providing our country in the most difficult circumstances.

Jai Hind / Jai India / Jai Bharatmata

Thanks and best regards
DINESH BANDIWADEKAR
dinesh.bandiwadekar@gmail.com

Bhonsala Military School’s Summer Training programme for your ward after the X th standard. A great need for such a course all across India.

Way back in May 1979 I attended the 42nd Summer Military Training Course of 31 days at Bhonsala Military School at Nashik. I remember even today the Commandant ( Principal) of that school Maj. ( Retd) P B Kulkarni, an Indo-Pak war veteran. I also remember my Platoon commander who hailed from an army unit in Garhwal and his strict training.

While in school, I had a strong desire to join the Armed Forces. However just after undergoing a week of the highly rigorous training, I was convinced that my actual passion was academics ! (‘’Yeh to aapne bus ki baat hi nahi !‘’)

But, I think those 31 days of some form of military services training was one of the most important lesson in life: Discipline. Without discipline, you are not going anywhere in life. Without discipline and commitment, you cannot achieve your goals, or even gain respect. Without being disciplined and committed , you cannot even help your own family, forget doing something remarkable at work or business. ( Nation building “Toh Duur ki baat Hai !” )

I remember getting trained in so many aspects of basic military training including rifle shooting, horse riding, many games like hockey and basketball and most importantly a rigorous confirmation to timing. A five minute delay to “fall in” at the 6.00 am drill, and you would be taking one big round of a football ground with a dummy 5 kilo rifle raised above your head with both hands.

I think it’s time we made this type of training compulsory. May be we cannot make an in-plant military training compulsory due to our huge population, but we need to have many such schools set up close to and within certain army establishments. I am sure such a training at a young age could be better than any internships anywhere or a so called leadership course at any management institute.

Just an inkling of what military life is, will possibly start the ball rolling in terms of discipline, commitment, leadership skills, nation building and respect for the Armed forces. Courage is another thing that results from such courses. May be discipline in studies as well. May be all persons will not be required to fight militants and criminals but, at least some can challenge wrong elements and wrong goings in society and in work places with the courage gained.

Some of the basic improvements as examples would be adherence to time, proper road manners and overall ethics and cleanliness standards, lesser corruption, lesser politics and respect to the Army and the country’s security.

It is high time we move from repeated studies of same stuff at school level through learning Apps and classes and move to some time on physical army training for all below 30, as no App can replace this type of training.

We have many Sainik Schools imparting long term education focused on training for joining military, police and para military services, but a short term 3 month course ( located in and around military establishments ) are now the need of the hour to train as many youngsters as possible . The trainers could easily be drawn from retired military officers or could be on deputation from Army units just as it was in Bhonsala Military School.

Bhonsala Military School was a pioneer started in 1937, but the movement was lost or never taken forward . However, better late than never. Maybe we really did not need it earlier, but we need it really now from an future perspective. Time to seriously think about it.

Written by Dinesh Bandiwadekar 9619545460 / dinesh.bandiwadekar@gmail.com

Links
http://bms.bhonsala.in/
Application form for the next Summer Military Training Course for your ward: http://bms.bhonsala.in/Encyc/2020/1/27/83rd-SUMMER-MILITARY-TRAINING-.html

Why all Indians must learn at least 2 Indian languages compulsorily till the XII th Standard

To connect with India and millions of Indians, you must know Indian languages. Is it time to propagate a dual medium education seriously ?
Yet one more time Maharashtra government proposed that Marathi be made compulsory till the 12th standard. I was just more than happy that they did not make Italian compulsory instead!
Jokes and politics apart, (both words which now seem to mean the same in the state which is still a great one!), I think it is time we do a re-think on learning our languages considering the future of India and the future generations. Certainly making some compulsion about learning Indian languages is a must, but we can have a new formula to learn Indian languages now, otherwise it will be too late. It is not about which language is compulsory in which state, but about learning our culture, popularising literature and keeping history intact of our country.
We should not forget the importance of English, but we must accept that we actually value English not just from a career, business and an educational perspective, but that a very large section of the society values it as a status symbol. In fact the status quotient has evolved into a situation where a lot many well off families now consider putting their children in schools affiliated to international board, many to show off their social standing.
No doubt, we learnt English from the British and we took it further as no other country did, and we gained a lot from it. Look at Pakistan to know what happens when you do not value and learn what is sincerely advised to you, and which benefits you.
However, we must soon ensure some very important changes in the education system which also means learning languages if we have to progress into a vibrant, friendly and cohesive economy, for the benefit of masses across income levels and considering the huge expanse of our country.
Time and again, I get requests from young college students and working professionals to help me improve their chances of getting through personal interviews, written tests, group discussions and a few related things for entering management colleges and even for excelling in technical / software related jobs. These candidates ( who mostly come from a weaker economic background or from rural areas or vernacular schools ) feel that they are stuck somewhere in their careers and also at times in their lives. Some of them feel that they have hit a wall, and further progress is impossible unless they bring a change in their “personalities” ! Ok , whatever that means- when I drill down into this problem, I realize that most of the people are asking me to improve their communication abilities in English !
As you can understand, the problem has now “outgrown” to such an extent that in India we have started misinterpreting personality development as “Speaking Good English” !. Our craze for English and positioning it in society has even changed our thinking !
One of the most important reasons why English has an edge, is that besides Hindi to some extent, we do not have one unifying language. The fall out of the situation is such that millions of Indians do not know their own languages and culture and extensive literary landmarks, in addition to the fact that they do not speak correct English !
India is a $ 3 trillion economy. English is understood only by 10% of our population and just about 3% of the population can speak good English. The demand that our 125 crore population will generate is the main factor that is going to drive the economy to double the current size, and evidently English has a limited role to play in it. So when a $ 3 trillion economy is up and running with Indian languages, it is worth studying, promoting and pushing Indian languages so that we grow the economy further. Give a boost to Indian language authors who will must sell more, Indian language movies seen more, will drive business, and Indian language classes must be in demand, and Indian language publishers should not be extinct.
Now about the time for learning languages- A study conducted by the MIT in the United States indicates that there is indeed a critical period after which learning a new skill becomes harder, like learning a second language. According to the study, the best time to learn a new language with native-speaker proficiency is by the age of 10. ( Say Std VI or VII ) Children under 10 can more easily absorb information and excel in a new language. Young people under the age of 18 can still show great skill at mastering new language, but things start to get more challenging beyond this point.
And, Why did we not excel in English despite our “intelligence” and despite the fact that we have spent 100+ years approximately with that language being with us? ( By the way, starting a sentence with And and Because is wrong, just like “Myself Rajesh” is- but does it matter ? )- “Because”: we did not have an adequate and correct system or method of learning English, and we had very few English teachers, and a very small number of teachers who really were good in English. Simple !. And, now we want our population to speak good English in offices, on TV debates , GDs and interviews! Is that correct?
Talented vernacular students( mainly from non metros ) have been forced to take a back seat because of this new issue and average students speaking good English have been made into “smart guys” with a so called “good personality’ The repercussion of the “English Speaking” phenomenon has serious implications. Vernacular medium schools in metros are slowly shutting down. Even the poorer section of society want their children to study in English medium schools. The outcome of all this is going to be evident after 20 years, when we will have adults who are neither good in their own mother tongue and just average in English. Unless we make our vernacular medium schools as “dual medium” with a lot of emphasis on English right from the start, we will actually end up closing these schools and hurting a lot of weaker students who cannot afford costlier education. Don’t forget that the best of doctors, engineers, lawyers, scientists and writers in India have studied in the vernacular medium. English is just one part of the process of development. Let’s give it the right amount of importance it deserves, and some importance to Indian languages.
I think we have made English into a very commercial proposition and actually made it into a monster. I think its high time to allow other languages to be considered for selection processes into management colleges and other places. To push our culture and languages, some compulsion is essential, but the choice of language to be studied also has to be open. If we do not do it now, most Indians in another 2 to 3 decades would not be connected to their origin, state and country, besides the fact that Indian languages will be on the chopping block.
Solution to issues:
1. What possibly is wrong is the way we have limited ourselves to teaching Indian languages. We cannot suddenly dictate learning languages beyond a particular age. We must make a National Testing System for Indian languages ( similar to TOEFL / IELTS etc ) where in you can select 2 Indian languages (one could be Hindi ) and learn them wherever you want and from which ever state that you reside and then write a test at the end of the year and have a rating system. Then make a minimum level of proficiency and score requirement for all types of jobs. This way a Tamilian in Dehra Dun can study Tamil and so for many others the same way we study our own languages elsewhere. The testing ( and training of course ) can be off line and on line. Schools will teach the languages and prepare students for free/or paid, but a lot of private coaching classes will help drive the economy and improve language standards in the country.

2. Another more easier way for millions of Indian students across small towns, villages and even larger cities is that we introduce a DUAL Medium of study- that is prevalent in many states including Maharashtra. The system is perfect, but we possibly did not have the best resources to make it popular. NOW OUR COUNTRY HAS THE RESOURCES. Except Maths and Science, all subjects are taught in the local language from lower class levels. We can take this further, by teaching all subjects in English from the 8th standard, except of course Hindi and the local language. By age 12/13 one would have reached a level of proficiency where all students would have gained mastery in 3 languages including English. After 13, learning a new language is a bit tough.

3. We need to put in a much larger funding into education. Maybe it is time we make education free for all till the XIIth. Consider the developed countries. This could be the biggest investment decision that will bring in a huge change for the future. This could also create huge competition within India and improve us further. Why huge amounts have to go in infrastructure projects only?
Here I would like to write about Harshal Vibhandik, an investment banker from New York and a great social worker in Dhule, whom many people just don’t know. Quality of education matters more than the language. Digital education is the transformation. Vibhandik returned from the U.S., and propelled digital classrooms in over 1100 schools of Dhule Zilla Parishad. He is a hero and a role model for villagers, teachers and students. Actually thousands of students from private English schools moved to government schools of Marathi/ Dual medium schools, as quality of education was at a much higher level. All was possible due to his digital initiatives for schools and unique financial modelling to sustain the change, which the local bodies and even the state government supported actively.
The young generations and parents must also understand that eventually the connect with the markets and customers and business / financial success is in a local language or Hindi, though your learning is in English. We are no doubt the back office of the world due to the fact that we are far better than China as regards English is concerned, but there is a huge back office created for our own country in time to come using our own market and creating jobs within.
In the company that I head, we work for a lot of overseas clients with 75% of the staff not excelling in English and who hail from small towns and Tier 2 or 3 cities in Gujarat and a few other states. An English teacher trains them to excel gradually and we are doing very well with this model, which was promoted by my American Indian company owner. If you have the desire to learn any language, you can, provided you are interested enough and have a good teacher around,. Everything is possible -Yes, but someone has to drive this all. May be only a crazy politician can do it.

Written by Dinesh Bandiwadekar ( dinesh.bandiwadekar@gmail.com )
Dinesh Bandiwadekar launched Persona Academy ( http://www.personaacademy.in ) a personality development institute in Mumbai in 2014 after working for 30 years and currently holds a top position in an USA based Engg I.T. KPO which works for international clients. He can be reached at dinesh.bandiwadekar@gmail.com / 9619545460

PROPOSAL AND SUGGESTIONS FOR CREATING BALANCED DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE NATION AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES USING THE EXTENSIVE HIGHWAY NETWORKS BEING CREATED

Respected Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modiji,

PROPOSAL AND SUGGESTIONS FOR CREATING BALANCED DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE NATION AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES USING THE EXTENSIVE HIGHWAY NETWORKS BEING CREATED:

 Overcoming the economic slowdown by using the already well done highway infrastructure and creating location based tax benefits to spur development.
 Decongestion of cities
 Creation of a modified tax administration system based on PIN Codes and tracking growth through PIN code
 Spending a balanced amount between new highway construction and local public transportation and creating of more economic hubs along highways.

First of all, I would like to salute you for the remarkable change you and
your team is bringing in India in the past 5 years and I feel that a leader like you and your very able and competent ministers and government officers will surely take this country to greater heights. I am taking the liberty of proposing multiple but closely related issues as listed above that should be possibly considered by the Government for further improvement of our country.

Personal Introduction

I am a Civil Engineer, 56 years of age from VJTI-University of Mumbai – and also a MBA ( IIFT ) and an entrepreneur, a business coach and now in a senior leadership role in an US based Engineering I.T. KPO/ services which employs a lot of young people with technical skills. I work in Surat. I have 33 years of experience, 10 of which have been in the Middle East. I have earlier worked with engineering consulting companies in Mumbai earlier.
I have travelled to over 25 countries on business and I am also the author of a book “Being more than a B.E.” which has sold many copies.
Sometime back, in 1989, I was invited to apply for a PhD. programme in Developmental Planning with full financial assistance at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

With my working experience in India and overseas, I have found that the skills of our youth across the nation, including those from our smaller cities, towns and villages are phenomenal , and if trained properly these can be used for the country’s progress. I have always felt that the talent of the youth needs to be harnessed wherever they are and we must ensure that we have enough opportunities created all across India. It is also good that we have also ensured that technical education has reached towns and villages, besides district capitals and there are engineering colleges and technical institutes which have created a huge work force, qualified and competent enough to do a good job- if opportunities are made available to them.

Phenomenal growth in road infrastructure:

On a different but still connected note, I want to stress that as a country, we have built around 50,000 kms of highways in the last 6 years, and installed capacity of power generation has gone up by 85 GW in the last 5 years. The construction of highways reached 9,829 km during 2017-18, with an all-time high average pace of 27 km per day. This represents 20% growth over 2016-17, when 8,231 km of highways were constructed. During 2017-18, 17,055 km road length was awarded as against 15,948 km in the previous year. The construction of national highways entailed an expenditure of $ 18 billion during 2017-18.

The Government of India is planning to expand the national highway network to over 200,000 km. The Government launched the Bharatmala Pariyojana, which aims to build 66,100 km of economic corridors, border and coastal roads, and expressways to boost the highway network. It is envisaged that the programme will provide 4-lane connectivity to 550 districts, increase the vehicular speed by 20-25% and reduce the supply chain costs by 5-6%. The first phase of the programme will bring in $ 82 billion investments by 2022 for the development of 34,800 km of highways.

However, how do we really utilise the highways and other infrastructure incentive for the economic growth of the nation as a whole and get a proper return on investment ( ROI ) on these initiatives? Does creation of an extensive road network drive the economy? Does it create permanent jobs? Does mere presence of an extensive road network assure us of other important infrastructure like hospitals, schools, colleges, court buildings, office space, industrial hubs and associated long term employment in a region?

Boosting economic development through investments in infrastructure and measuring returns

Worldwide, highways are built to connect people and creation of jobs and boost economic development. In India it is the same, but perhaps the last two objectives are not being achieved.

In a research paper presented in the Journal of Advanced Transportation, Vol. 21, Spring 1987, based on work being performed at the University of Minnesota under contract to the Minnesota Department of Transportation; titled HIGHWAY IMPACTS ON REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT, the time-series analysis presented indicated that increases in highway expenditures do not, in general, lead to long term increases in employment levels. During the years of construction, employment levels do increase. However, this effect is only temporary and disappears when the construction ends. In conclusion, generally, changes in highway expenditures do not cause changes in total employment. Hence there have to be other methods of driving economic growth and employment to ensure investments in highways will ensure local development, and not just help move goods betters and faster between two places, which possibly have no connection with the local issues.
India has a very lop sided development, with maximum job generation and investment happening only in major cities and towns. All our cities are now choking with excessive traffic, excessive population, water logging due to rains and pollution. It is time that we move businesses and also progress to the entire country, which is possible with huge investments that we are making on the infrastructure front.

We are collecting all kinds of taxes to fund infrastructure in the country, but the funding is not giving measurable returns in terms of job creation and demand generation. The newly created highways are being used by manufacturers and traders for a faster movement of their own goods from their existing production locations to far off places and to some extent passenger movement- which is just fine and normal.
Many things need to be done, to ensure highways drive the regional / local growth. Unless there is a system to measure income created due to highway development, we are not ensuring proper return on investments. One must ensure investment in lot of other infrastructure development, part of which only the private sector can contribute- schools, colleges, office & factory infrastructure-many of which will create jobs locally. e,g. a logistics park may facilitate transport & storage but where will the cargo be generated from?
Modifying tax filing and measuring returns and giving tax concessions for moving out to newer areas.

However if we link the actual infrastructure created to measurable gains for the inhabitants and the tax payers, by which we can indirectly ‘’refund’’ the tax paid to the investors, then we are doing full justice to the tax collected with further creation of wealth. Example: An industry pays GST and Income tax from which highways are getting funded. In return once infra projects like highways are in place and a little later industrial estates are in place, the industry should have the option to fully or partly move in there / expand with its existing / new employees, at reduced tax rates, and thus recover say the taxes in the first 5 years by getting tax rebates in successive years on the production / sales turnover generated from the new locations( only ) . If not done so, we will have still have industries and commercial service providers in the cities paying huge taxes from wherever they are and funding national development without creating new job opportunities in the country side. The movement into new locations will ensure they get the returns and also ensure development of new areas. With lower real estate costs, rental expenses and lesser taxation, our international service providers / BPOs and KPOs can be also be more cost effective in the international market.

If industry and offices and work places have to move out, we need excellent communication in the form of highways, roads, building infrastructure and telecommunications. And all this seems to be falling in place, but still industry and business is not moving out to the hinterland, and smaller cities and towns. Despite being a well connected nation, our industry, workplace and population seem to be working and residing in the urban areas. Why did we then build all the roads and highways, rail network, and now building potential waterways? To enable proper use of the investments we need to link incentives to areas which are now being made readily accessible. The Bharatmala Project aims at creating 66,000 kms of new highways, but how are we going to be sure that this will attract industry and create jobs and other forms of economic development all across the nation? Medium to large scale industry will never move to new location just because a highway is near- they need tangible benefits.

The issue as of date in front of the government is not as much of possessing monetary resources for development, collecting more and more taxes, and financing projects; but of driving the economy, creating employment and ensuring spend which all will be possible once we have more and more demand generation for new products and services. Creating new demand in semi urban areas and smaller towns and creating job opportunities at all levels of society will drive this scenario. As of now jobs and employment are restricted to major cities, and this has to change. Industry and business will never move to smaller towns unless fiscal incentives drive this investment. That support according can come in only from tax benefits ( GST, Income Tax for employers and employees )

We must reward companies which will set up offices, and staff and factories in lesser known cities and towns. The highways being built or already being built have to be used as a tool for the massive change.

Our Income Tax department, GST department and highly talent government officers are more than competent to work out a detailed plan to implement the same, but I am listing a few key steps as a road map:

Primary Step / Policy Step : (i) Identify National Highways in existence as of now and those locations ( towns ) on the same, which are a minimum 100 kms away from any major cities . These are to be considered as investment hotspots.
Example: When a National Highway project is declared, a declaration of incentives applicable to locations ( using PIN codes ) through which the highway passes must be declared. Example The Mumbai–Vadodara Expressway is an under-construction, 380 km (long, six-lane, controlled-access expressway, connecting the cities of Vadodara, Gujarat and Mumbai, Maharashtra . The cost of the project is expected to be ₹44,000 crore. When we are investing so much, then we may as well fuel job growth and livelihood for people in this sector. So we may give a consideration to tax holidays/ tax incentives for companies investing in this region, but only outside municipal or gram panchayat limit on the proposed highways

(ii) Identify towns and cities on national highways by their PIN codes, which are between 2 major cities and which have a population base under 10 lakh, and publicise the information well in advance of a green field highway or extra laning happening on the existing highways.
Once you have identified these towns and cities, implement steps to promote development to these areas.

Stages for implementation

First stage ( developmental stage ) : Exempt builders and developers from taxes if they set up office complexes for rent/ selling, and industrial parks in designated areas far from cities, and in the earmarked PIN code zones on the highways. This will bring down real estate costs and rents in smaller towns. ( Set a 5 year time frame from date of commencement of road project construction ) Smart cities have to be included in this initiative if they are green field projects and at least 100 km away from existing cities. ( example Dholera near Ahmedabad ). Example: For say every 50 kms. of highways built or planned -the NHAI or SHA must have plans for one hospital, one school, one cultural hub, one market place, one mall, one court building for which concessional taxes will apply. The entire master planning must be driven by the NHAI itself, though local bodies will ensure engineering and architectural compliance. Tax benefits to those investing in greenfield smart cities is also a must.

Second stage: ( Investment stage ) Anyone investing in industry/ infrastructure in these locations will get GST benefit. ( 5 year time frame from date of completion of road project construction )

Third Stage( Delivery/ Output stage ) I.T. benefits will be applicable only for specific investments made / outputs from earmarked locations . ( Set a 5 year time frame from date of commencement of road project construction )

Fourth Stage: ( Employee benefit stage ) Any employee working in these offices and industrial areas/ factories will get 10% reduction in Income Tax. Unless employees / people are motivated to go and and work in these newer location, industry will not succeed. ( 10 year time frame from date of commencement of road project construction )

Fifth Stage: ( Reward Stage ) Extend additional IT benefit for businesses if they generate more than 3000 jobs in these areas in a year’s time for next 3 years. ( 3 year time frame from date of exceeding 3000 jobs )

Sixth Stage ( Penalty stage – 10 years from mow ): Stop permitting new buildings and office space in Metro cities. This comes in after the first 4 to 5 stages are implemented properly.

The above are only ideas, and better ones can be initiated by the government.
How important is tracking real-time development now? Can we attempt to track through PIN codes?

For implementing the above, can we attempt the following ?
a) Link & measure manufacturing output and taxation to PIN code. Keep track of highway growth and PIN of the areas through which the highways pass and the GST/ I.T. returns filed by companies.
b) Link I.T. returns to manufacturing location via PIN code
c) Ensure much lower GST & Income Tax to the new production location. Every manufacturer and service provider will have multiple GST charges and I.T. rates, all linked with their actual production and service locations. This can be ensured by giving a discount or refund on GST from actually billed.

The overall benefits of the proposed changes are many fold:
• Creation of jobs across the country, not just in major metros
• Driving demand for many things including offices, construction, housing, labour employment etc.. which will boost the economy.
• Drive demand for the PMAY ( Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana ) which has a great success potential from the viewpoint of low cost housing at locations other than major metros.
• Reducing pollution in urban areas
• Reducing further burden on cities
• Restraining people from moving to major metros from towns/ villages

Caution : Balancing investing in highways v/s Investing in ( local ) public transportation

Another major issue is the spending on new highway construction and spending on
local transportation. It is extremely relevant to India, where millions of people do not have their own means of transport and for relieving traffic congestion. The amount of spend on highways is huge and may be we need to divert much of this investment into local bodies to improve local transport. Maybe lesser new highways and bigger investment in local public transportation ( metros, buses, trains ) in demarcated growth centres will create better job opportunities rather than a number of highways going around the country.

In an analysis of stimulus spending done by the public-policy lobbying group Smart Growth America ( SGA ), the Center for Neighbourhood Technology and the U.S. PIRG,( Public Interest Research Group), it was found that every billion dollars spent on public transportation produced 16,419 job-months, while the same amount spent on highway infrastructure projects produced 8,781 job-months.

According to SGA, public transportation spending leads more directly to job growth than highway spending for several reasons. First, less money is spent acquiring land, which means more money is spent actually building something. Second, all those buses, trains and subways need people to operate them and maintain the infrastructure. And third, public transit requires a workforce with more diverse skills than highway construction. Better public transit can create jobs and also help save jobs because it allows people to get to work. In India too, we must spend more money on creating job hubs through economic zones along the highways, perhaps diverting part of the funds for highways. This will create local employment zones which will have better transportation facilities aiding people movement. Possibly we must invest in public transportation from cities / towns to the planned economic zones rather than only build more and more highways. Regional planning has to be integrated more with the planning and development of highways.

Conclusion:

If we do not start these above processes now, it is likely that our country will never develop all across the states and the interior. People will keep flocking to the metro cities. In fact better highways will tend to bring in more population to the cities. Instead one needs to shift the development to the interiors. You have already built highways and other infrastructure. One fall out will be that a lot of people will buy new homes around developmental centres. The National Highway Grid is a great idea for moving goods and people and creating development centres all across the country. Now the time has come to actually move employment, industry, jobs and people to the interiors.
Monetary benefit can be the greatest motivator for businesses. The rest will follow. India has adequate talent everywhere. We are now a much educated and connected country. Now the path to success is not through the cities, but through the number of smaller cities, towns and villages of India.

All this can be now done considering that huge development has happened in the roads sector and many places are now accessible which were not earlier. To ensure rapid growth of the country it is now essential to mobilise and promote investment in the new areas. Finally tax rate and incentives would have to be PIN code based and businesses in large towns and cities will have a higher tax rate.

I am not sure how much of my thinking is perfect on this subject. However I am sure your team will review this matter. I do know it will be a very daunting task to link some of the proposed benefits, but nothing is impossible as shown by your government and its able officers in the past 5 years on many fronts.
I thank you once again for taking our country on to the path of great progress. Hopefully, my proposal might add a little bit of value to the great work done by you and your team.

With best regards,
Dinesh Bandiwadekar
 Written by

• Dinesh Bandiwadekar, B.E.(Hons) ( Civil ) (VJTI/ 1985 )(Mumbai), PGDM ( IIFT/ 1987)( New Delhi), Certificates in Engineering Leadership, Rice University, Houston, USA
• Founder & Director: The Engineers Forum and Persona Skill Development Institute, Thane
• C.O.O.- ISP Service Partners LLP- USA, ( India Operations ) ( An engineering IT services company working for USA clients )
• dinesh.bandiwadekar@gmail.com / dinesh@ispusa.net / Mob: 9619545460

September 15, 2019 ( Engineers Day )
Thane/ Surat

2018-19: THE YEAR OF THE FALL – What do you learn from it and what your next generations should learn too… ( lessons for business owners, employers, and employees)

2018/19 saw the end of many powerful people and companies in the corporate world and business in India. Many well known persons and not so well known persons have lost face in the recent few years. What is the lesson to all of us and to the future generations? One does not need to be a Philip Kotler to understand or write about this, but anyone with extensive working experience across organisations can certify that the following is true…..

1. Lessons to Promoters, Shareholders, and Owners:

a)Never bank upon one person in the organization. No one is so great that he or she can do what the others cannot. Actually, do not overrate anyone or glorify one person.
b) Build a team of good people and good successors.
c) Train many of your staff well so that they can take up a bigger responsibility at an overall lower cost.
d) Build a brand name, do not build only individual strengths or select employees.
e) Develop all round resources. Do not allow people to build power centers. Do not allow key people to play politics.
f) Keep a close watch on your key employees – Are they ensuring the above 5 factors or are they also playing politics that other good people leave and they become indispensable.
g) This is the time of disruptions. New technology can put your business our of gear. Keep in touch with younger generations to learn new stuff.
g) Your HR head has to be as strong as your Operations head. Also, check if your HR head / team is hand in glove with the Operations head? Do not have an ornamental HR team, but have a real policeman’s approach here.
h) When your organization is doing very well, ensure that you build teams to balance strengths and share powers. If you are diversifying or openings new businesses, ensure that all is not controlled or dominated by one person.
i) If a lot of key people leave your organization, start acting fast and find out the reasons.
j) Never divert from the core competency of your organisation.
k) Do not rely on one external auditor, one consultant, one due diligence officer, one accounting head. Otherwise they could exploit the situation for the benefit of a few employees.
l) Ensure all the above people in K above, understand the domain of your business and not just balance sheets. Do they understand the idiosyncrasies of your business area or are just balancing figures and amounts on paper.
m) Do not value only hi-fi qualifications, but value commitment, hard work and longevity and trustworthiness of your employees too.
n) There is nothing to replace proper experience, no piece of glorified paper from any University can replace experience. Note that a person may be an excellent technocrat but he may be a poor marketer or a poor leader.
o) Ensure that you build leaders in your organization and not politicians and power mongers. Ensure your key team members build proper teams under them which you could use in the case of exit of some top people.
p) Do not overrate any particular academic degree. Ensure people know a wide range of skills. Check on the core competency of employees, and do not assume that they know other functions and that they have adequate leadership skills besides domain knowledge.
q) Intense competition and globalisation could turn your company redundant or its services or products irrelevant.

2. Lessons to employees:

a. When the going is good, you never know when there could be a fall. So prepare for a bad patch when the good patch lasts .
b. Its the time of outsourcing- you never know when you could not be required.
c. Build multiple skills.
d. Retirement age in the private sector is slowly coming down from the late ’50s to early ’50s, so plan for an early exit.
e. Know that you succeed more due to the strengths of your organization and less because of your personal capabilities. Know where you stand and know that in most cases organisations make people and in a fewer cases, people create businesses, but they in most of the time cannot create organsatiozs.
f. Do not invest in hi-fi expensive properties if you are doing well today as you never know when that could be a great burden later . Invest carefully. Or you could be worried about your EMIs for a long long time
g. You are as important as the seat you hold. People respect your chair. Once you are out of that chair, no one gives a damn.
h. High fliers or those who are successful in organisations must know that if possibly they were to get into business themselves, they would be failures, as doing business is extremely difficult and being part of large successful organisation is relatively extremely simple. In many cases incapable people survive in large organisations only because they flow with the success of the organisation.
i) Know your core competency and try to work around that. There is too much of a competition from thousands of academically qualified people, as capable as you, and a lot of street smart, not so qualified people.

3. Lessons to All

1. Money is not everything. There are a lot many things to do in life other than money or wealth or acquisitions.
2. Focus on building goodwill and relations and network with good people.
3. Everything that goes up comes down ( not just airlines ) is a simple thing accepted across many cultures and religions across the world.
4. Family ties, relations and transparency in person and business life is of utmost importance. No amount of wealth can replace these things. Money spoils relationships too.
5. Do not defer enjoying a good life till late in life. You may not be there or not have the wealth or have the mindset or the health to enjoy it in later life. Enjoy sports, exercise, travel and meet friends on a regular basis.
6. Eventually, you do not stay in a 2/3/4 BHK, but stay within your 250 cu.cm. brain and mind and in your thoughts.
7. Eventually, you need 6 ft x 4 ft space to spend 1/3 rd of your life ( sleeping ) and that has to be a proper sleep.
8. You need one simple car to move around and 3 square meals a day to live well and a roof over your head to be happy..
9. Have friends and time spent with old friends has no substitute. Nothing can replace the great feelings of being with old friends and relatives and no amount of property or wealth can replace relationships.
10. A lot of your success is based on fate and luck as well, not just your capabilities and hard work The latter do not change, but the earlier ones and government rules do ! ( demonetization, tax net and competition )
11. With changing wealth creation patterns, government rules and regulation, and the aspirations of the next generations, all your investments may not turn out to be perfect ones.
12. Donate – need not be money always, could be knowledge, could be guidance and counselling. Contribute to society and poor people around you , mentor the under privileged. This is also a way of wealth creation.

WITH LOVE & RESPECT TO THOSE BORN IN THE 1960’s

In the last few weeks some unique events happened in my life that set me thinking of my generation in depth- a retrospection which was much due considering that my active working life is now slowly on the way out and also coupled with the fact that my small business made me recently interact with hundreds of people, mostly half my age. The generation I am referring to is of those born in the 1960’s. The first few events were that I saw two movies based on PL Deshpande the famous Marathi actor, writer and intellectual, and also the movie Thackeray based on Bal Thackeray the Shiv Sena founder. The other event was that I met my old college friends at a get together at Dadar where I grew up, who all were born in the early 60’s.

All the discussions that happened in the get together of those close friends were based on our college days till mid eighties and the settings and events captured in the movies were in the era 1960s to 1990s. Though the events were Mumbai / Pune centric, they were, nevertheless possibly applicable to all those born in the early to mid sixties, all across India.

One thing that I realised in the past few weeks was the fact that those born in the sixties were extremely fortunate people. Fortunate, not in monetary terms, but in terms of living and life. Why ? Because, this particular generation has seen the most of the great changes in an entire lifespan that perhaps no generation in India has seen. What this particular generation has seen and experienced, perhaps no one prior to and later than in their mid fifties now, will ever experience.

This generation has seen it all. From the days of not having a refrigerator and a landline at home to times when people have the latest smart phone in hand, which is now extremely misused and which has taken over your life. The transition from going to a neighbour’s house to make or receive a phone call on a heavy, antiquated black phone piece to a 200 gram smart phone that tells you that you have to have your food. Through that journey was a push button electronic hand set landline , a cordless phone, a pager and an “‘un-smart mobile phone””. I remember asking my friends if they had a phone and a refrigerator at home in the 60s and 70s, and I remember having a FIAT or an Ambassador car was the sign of the super rich. All along school and college, I nurtured a dream of owning a second hand FIAT car which was finally realised after I turned 32, full ten years after I graduated. Today, my generation’s sons and daughters are taking cars and bikes to college.

I remember me and my friends scheduling a meeting together 7 days in advance and honouring a commitment to meet, without calling or speaking to each other in the intervening period, as there was no way to get in touch.

This is a generation that had the best of exposure to our own culture, our own languages / mother tongue and a fantastic reading exposure to a foreign language- English. This was a generation that went to Marathi and other vernacular medium schools, yet spoke English quite well in due course of time. International schools were unheard of. Going to Balmohan Vidyamandir, RM Bhat, ANZA and other neighbourhood schools was just the perfect thing to do, and branded schools and colleges and foreign boards were unheard of. Becoming an engineer or doctor meant that you had made it to a very few colleges in the state and that you were really good at studies.

This was the generation that knew the BeeGees and also knew our own PuLa’s, Gadimas and Shrinivas Khale’s. This generation read Enid Blyton ( Famous Five/ Secret Seven ), Mills & Boon, Tin Tin comics and also Faster Phene ( Marathi ) in school, and later Agatha Christie, Irving Wallace, W Franklin Dixon, Arthur Hailey and also James Hadley Chase ( the last being read secretly after parents were asleep ) ; besides reading famous Indian language books by P L Deshpande , and poems by G(a) D(i) Madgulkar, literature by V(i) S(a) Khandekar, Acharya Atre and others- all borrowed from libraries with great effort and walking & cycling . This was a generation which was extremely comfortable in their own mother tongues and also in English. The environment that prevailed during that time, would not let you be anything else. Now the same generation is quite happy with Kindle, Amazon, Whats App and Twitter, but misses the old world charm of books. Unfortunately this generation finds their own next generation, not reading anything at length other than their academic studies, and busy forwarding short messages and jokes all the time- which hardly adds to their knowledge or content- despite having all books on Amazon and Kindle to read.

This is a generation that has seen huge changes in India’s fortune, experiencing poverty like situation to stable prosperity 20 years later, and later on also experiencing the pitfalls of excessive investments beyond their own means in properties more than what was possibly required. This generation was one that went to US for studying only if one had ample funds or was getting a scholarship or was having an uncle out there. Migration to another country for education meant a return to India after a 2 year ‘Vanvas’. The same generation sees their children return in 3 months for the Christmas break, after starting their fall semester. Isn’t that prosperity for you ? An extra tuition class besides your college education was unthinkable for many, while the same generation sees their kids going to expensive classes for all kinds of things, for possibly no reason. This generation was comfortable driving vehicles such as Fiat and Ambassador ( which were obsolete even then ) and are now happy driving high class automatic transmission cars. This is the generation that used a T Square, a Drafter, Log Tables, Scientific Calculators and then Computers. They used crazy programs like Fortran, Cobol and Pascal, and later went on to use MS office and PPTs and laptops only in their mid thirties- but are now proficient with the latest in software. This generation possibly used PPTs in their mid thirties after having made slide transparencies on plastic sheets, using overhead projectors ! Now the same generation also uses the latest toys for office meetings like PPT on Windows 10 ! Any yes, this generation does not understand how anyone becomes an AVP or VP or GM at age 30, and with no one working under them, and without any powers. For us, a Manager post itself meant something big, sometime back .

This is a generation that thrived on playing real games, being physical and working out on the grounds. Also, from watching just 2 channels of DD ( Doordarshan ) airing some fantastic programmes in Hindi ( Phool Khile Hai Gulshan Gulshan, Chitrahaar, Ramayan, MAhabharat, Buniyaad, the Sunday movie at 6 pm, stupid jokes of Yakub Sayeed and Babban Prabhu on a Sunday morning, and Marathi master piece programmes like Gajra ) and other Indian languages , this generation now also flips through 150 channels dishing out bad debates. This generation has seen it all. This generation waited for test matches which were played only once in a while, and waited for their heroes like Sunil Gavaskar to reach his century and Kapil Dev to get his next wicket – all on a 21 inch B&W TV.

Only Quality of life ( just like on the 2 TV channels ) mattered and Quantity of things possessed just did not- since those did not exist. This generation still has a value system in place, like mutual respect and friendships . A generation that saw all- frugality, comfort and excess. It however knows even today that not having something does not matter, and there is a lot to have and be happy, even when not actually possessing many things physically.

This generation however carries the responsibility to convey to the next few generations- be frugal, don’t be possessive, and that to be happy actually is a state of your mind and not a state of your pocket. There is a lot of nice things to enjoy in life like healthy interactions with others, reading great books, watching drama, theatre, mehfils as seen in the 2 movies of Pu.La. As we discovered in our get together, Memories and Friendships are to be possessed and nurtured rather than only shares and properties- the latter which you never take away with you.

Born in the 1960’s ? Maan…you are lucky! Give yourself a pat on your back !

By
Dinesh Bandiwadekar
http://www.PersonaAcademy.in

Badly needed- more IIMs, IITs, IAS, IPS, IRS, IES and the likes, on every street……..pl read till the very end.

As the Thanksgiving week approaches in the USA, many would wonder what relevance it has to India. More so, you will wonder what the title of the article has to do with it!

Thanksgiving is not just an American phenomenon. Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday celebrated also in Canada, some of the Caribbean islands, and even of all places, Liberia. It began as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest. Similarly named festival holidays occur in Germany and Japan, and of course, not to forget our own country India. Although Thanksgiving has historical roots in religious and cultural traditions, it has long been celebrated as a secular holiday as well.

With what is going on in our country, I think it is time to celebrate the same in India, possibly the way it is celebrated in the USA for the past many decades. That’s the time of the year Americans say “Thanks” to their parents, relatives, friends, clients and mentors. Though now not really connected just with the harvest, Thanksgiving connects families and many people working together. You see children coming home to their parents for a great family dinner at least this time of the year, and it is the time when you see a huge surge in traffic on the interstate highways, the airports etc.

Thanksgiving “per se” / by itself, is what Indians have almost forgotten. That is precisely what we must start learning and training young people in this country. If you watch the TV debates on various channels in India, what are we getting known for?: Insulting others, Criticising others, Backstabbing, Playing office politics, Corruption, Open fights- physical or otherwise, reckless and mannerless driving , misbehaviour towards women ? ( in comparison, watch the polite way in which debates happen on BBC and CNN ) . This is the best sign of a country deteriorating in ethics and public behaviour.

Today, we aren’t able to appreciate a single thing that is going on in our country. We are not able to applaud any good work done by anyone. We have also stopped appreciating good manners and propagating the same. All that the younger generation is now learning is, how to find faults, how to make more money, how to become more popular, how to push others behind to go ahead. We are not able to develop basic courtesies in life, have basic manners in place and follow basic public rules. From the way top political leaders talk in TV debates and argue in a manner less way, with even some political leaders going overseas and criticising our own countrymen openly, industrialists looting banks and disappearing abroad, down to the ordinary citizen not following basic traffic rules and courtesies, all these are signs that from top to bottom we are a society that has no basic grooming in place or we have lost all the values we had.

My personal experiences were a number of relatives who came for a number of years to my home when I was a kid to seek help and financial assistance. That was definitely at some cost which affected my education and life as well as during those frugal times, even any amount was a big packet. After their motives were achieved they never even bothered to inquire about my family. I always thought that it was a one-off incident. As I progressed to my job and business, I saw it happen unfortunately everywhere.

To ensure that we change over years and not get recognised as “one of the fastest growing and possibly the largest economies BUT with the least of morals, ethics and manners, the time has come to revamp our education system- from KG to PG!

We need more IITs, IIMs, IAS, IPS, IES and IRS and the likes. Surprising ? Not at all. I mean we do not really need any more of the elite institutes producing well-paid monsters who possibly make a difference to their own pockets, BUT we need on every Indian street- Indian Institutes of Thanksgiving, Indian Institute of Manners, Indian Appreciation Services, Indian Privacy Services, Indian Ethical Services and Indian Reciprocation Services. We need to change the mindset, manners and behavioural training of our future generations, starting from school level. We need basic changes in our society for the masses and not just focus on imparting high-level education for a small fraction of our society. The change in our behaviour will take us a long way for future and future generations to come. It is time to focus on the basics. We need a huge cultural change happening all across the society to take this great nation forward. Otherwise, we are bound to have a tagline very soon….”Just economic development, no ethics”.

Have a Thanksgiving weekend beginning 23rd November at your home this year. Let’s begin from home, thanking all those who mattered in your life right from your early days. Why celebrate only Valentines Day?
———
Written by Dinesh Bandiwadekar
Director http://www.personaacademy.in